Liz Truss is a British politician who has served the UK government at various key positions under prime ministers David Cameron, Theresa May, and Boris Johnson including Minister for Women and Equalities, and Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth, and Development Affairs. She was the Conservative candidate for the 2022 elections for the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. In September 2022, she became the 56th Prime Minister and the 3rd woman Prime Minister of the UK. On 20 October 2022, she announced her resignation as Prime Minister.
Mary Elizabeth Truss The Hindu was born on Saturday, 26 July 1975 (age 47 years; as of 2022) in Oxford, United Kingdom. Her zodiac sign is Leo. When she was four, her parents left England and moved to Scotland. Liz went to West Primary School in Paisley, Renfrewshire in Scotland. The Scotsman Later, she attended Roundhay School in the Roundhay area of Leeds, England. The Guardian She left for Canada and studied at Parkcrest School for a year, from 1987 to 1988.
She holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics from Merton College affiliated with Oxford University in England. She was interested in Liberal Democrats and was chosen as the president of Oxford University Liberal Democrats and became a member of the National Executive Committee of Liberal Democrat Youth and Students. In 1994, she gave a speech at Liberal Democrat Federal Conference. After becoming a Liberal Democrat, she supported the legality of cannabis and the abolition of the monarchy. She expressed her Republican beliefs and said,
I agree with Paddy Ashdown when he said, ‘Everybody in Britain should have the chance to be a somebody,’ but only one family can provide the head of state… we believe in referenda on major constitutional issues; we do not believe people should be born to rule, or that they should put up and shut up about decisions which affect their everyday lives.”
She graduated from Merton College in 1996, and in the same year, she joined the Conservative Party.
Height (approx.): 5′ 6″
Weight (approx.): 60 kg
Hair Color: Extra light beige blonde
Eye Colour: Blue
Parents & Siblings
Her father, John Kenneth Truss, is a professor of pure mathematics at the University of Leeds. Her mother, Priscilla Mary Truss, is a nurse, teacher, and member of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. She has three younger brothers.
Husband & Children
In 2000, Liz got married to her fellow accountant Hugh O’Leary, who is a finance director. She met him for the first time at the Conservative Party Conference in 1997. They have two daughters named Liberty and Frances. Metro
Reportedly, Liz Truss had an affair with former Tory MP Mark Field. They started dating each other in 2004, which came to an end in June 2005 after dating each other for 18 months. When the news of their relationship became public, Mark Field’s 12-year-long marriage ended in divorce; however, Liz managed to save her marriage. Express
Liz worked for a British oil and gas company, Shell, from 1996 to 2000. In 1999, while working for Shell, she qualified as a Chartered Management Accountant (ACMA). In 2000, she started working for a British telecommunications company, Cable & Wireless. She was promoted to the position of economic director before she left the company in 2005. In January 2008, she was appointed as the full-time deputy director of Reform, a think tank that carries out various research papers related to government policies. While working at Reform, she became the co-author of multiple reports including The Value of Mathematics and A New Level.
In 1998, Liz was appointed as the chairperson of the Lewisham Deptford Conservative Association and held the position for 2 years. She participated in the 1998 Greenwich London Borough Council elections from Vanbrugh Ward and Greenwich Council elections from Blackheath Westcombe in 2002; however, she lost both elections. In 2006, she was appointed as the councillor for Eltham South in Greenwich, but before the end of her term in 2010, she resigned from the position.
Candidate for Parliament Elections
In 2001, Liz contested the Labour-held constituency of Hemsworth in West Yorkshire. Before the 2005 UK general elections, Liz was selected to stand in the elections after replacing the parliamentary candidate for Calder Valley, Sue Catling. She was listed in the Priority List of Conservative members of Parliament under David Cameron, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. She was selected for the South West Norfolk seat by members of the constituency Conservative Association in October 2009; she won half of the votes in the first round of elections. Later, after the revelation of Liz’s affair with Conservative MP Mark Field, some members of the constituency association opposed Truss’ selection. At a general meeting of the association’s members held three weeks later, a resolution to cancel Truss’ candidacy was put forth, but it was defeated by 132 votes to 37.
Dualling of A11 Trunk Road
Prior to the elections to the House of Commons on 6 May 2010, she fought for the issues including the retention of the RAF Tornado base at RAF Marham in her constituency. In 2011, she succeeded in persuading the government for converting A11, a major trunk road in England, into a dual carriageway. She said,
My constituents were delighted to hear in the autumn Comprehensive Spending Review that the final stretch of the A11 was to be dualled. This will have a magnificent impact on economic growth in the county and local businesses. Yet we are still to hear exactly when this major work will take place.” Eastern Daily Press
Protecting Thetford Forest
In 2011, she played a crucial role in protecting Thetford Forest from any sell-off of Forestry Commission land by designating it as a Heritage Forest. She, along with other parliamentarians and council leaders, urged Defra secretary of State, Caroline Spelman, to award the Heritage Forest status to Thetford Forest. Regarding this issue, Liz said,
I highlighted to the secretary of state that I had received a considerable amount of correspondence from constituents who are extremely concerned that the status of the forest will change. I pressed upon the Secretary of State that Thetford Forest deserves Heritage status to preserve the biodiversity and community access. The Secretary of State did say said that this is a public consultation and that the public’s views will be taken into account. I would therefore urge those who are concerned about Thetford Forest to write to DEFRA whilst this consultation is ongoing. I will continue to keep pressing the case to ensure the Secretary of State understands the views of my constituents to safeguard Thetford Forest as a Heritage Forest.” Eastern Daily Press
Wrote a Paper for EPI
In march 2011, she wrote a paper for an education policy think tank, Education Policy Institute (EPI), in which she mentioned how low-income students were being kept out of top jobs, and how to improve social mobility. In 2012, she wrote again for EPI about the changes that should be made in the structure of the childcare market in Britain.
Free Enterprise Group
In 2011, she founded a group along with the support of over 40 other Conservative MPs named the Free Enterprise Group. In the same year, she co-wrote the book “After the Coalition” with the help of four other members of the group. The book is about the Conservative principles adapted to the modern world that are essential for national success.
In 2012, the same 5 authors published another book titled “Britannia Unchained,” which contained the declaration that
Once they enter the workplace, the British are among the worst idlers in the world.”
She published a paper in 2012 to make a policy to allow people to have tax-free and less-heavily regulated marginal employment. In 2011, she became a member of the Justice Select Committee.
Preventing Waste Incineration Construction at King’s Lynn
In 2013, the building of a waste incinerator at King’s Lynn was approved by the Conservative administration at Norfolk County Council, but Liz did not support it, and successfully managed the government to withdraw its grant to the county council. BBC News In the same year, after seeing the concerns raised by Walsoken Parish Council about a large number of crashes that occurred at the Road junction of the A47, causing several deaths and serious injuries, as the MP of South West Norfolk, Liz began the campaign after visiting the junction herself, and she heavily campaigned to address the issue of road safety following which she received an assurance from the Department for Transport that safety improvements would be made. Due to her efforts to stop fatal accidents on the A47, South West Norfolk MP Liz was selected as Road Safety Parliamentarian of the Month by a road safety charity named Brake in January 2013. In an interview, while talking about this, Liz said,
The campaign to see improvements on the A47 is still ongoing and is a combined effort of MPs, local residents and councils. I thank Brake for the award and I will continue to lobby the Department for Transport to ensure that the A47 is fit for purpose.”
Junior Minister (2012-2014)
Liz became the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for Education on 4 September 2012. She was held responsible for childcare and early learning, assessment, qualifications and curriculum reform, behaviour and attendance, and school food review. After observing that British pupils were way behind in mathematics than those in Asian countries, she decided to enhance British standards in maths. In 2014, she went to Shanghai, China to visit the schools and teacher-training centres to observe how local children have developed into the world’s top mathematicians. In order to increase the number of children compared to adults in a care facility and to overhaul childcare qualifications, Truss also described plans for reforming childcare in England. These changes were made to increase staff pay and qualifications and to expand the availability of childcare. Organisations like the charity 4Children, the Confederation of British Industry, and the College of West Angelia appreciated the reforms proposed by Liz; however, TUC general secretary Frances O’Grady, Shadow Education Secretary Stephen Twigg, and the charity National Day Nurseries Association criticised the reform.
Environment Secretary (2014-2016)
On 15 July 2014, Liz was appointed as the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs in a cabinet reshuffle. In the same year, she came up with a plan to save traditional meadows, which consisted of the most fertile land for pollinators, by launching a 10-year bee and pollinator strategy to save the decreasing bee populations. She authorised the restricted temporary suspension of an EU restriction in July 2015, allowing the use of two neonicotinoid pesticides on 5% of England’s oilseed rape crop for 120 days to combat the cabbage stem flea beetle; in 2012, campaigners informed that pesticides were harming bees by destroying their ability to find their home. In 2014, Liz confirmed to cut a taxpayer subsidy to farmers and land owners for solar panels on agricultural land. Regarding this scheme, Liz said,
According to Liz, farming and food are “hotbeds of innovation.” Production and export of cheese, pork pies, apples, and more food items were promoted by her. In 2015, she was one of the two cabinet ministers, who voted against the government’s proposal for cigarettes to be sold in plain packaging.
Justice Secretary (2016-2017)
In July 2016, Liz began to serve as Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor in the first ministry of Theresa May; she was reported to be the first woman to hold the office since the creation of the office. In November 2016, former Attorney General Dominic Grieve and the Criminal Bar Association criticised her for not supporting the judiciary successfully and the principle of judicial independence when three judges of the Divisional Court were criticised by many politicians and the Daily Mail for ruling against the government in R (Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the Europen Union. Former Lord Chancellor Lord Falconer criticised her by saying that she did not possess the essential legal expertise that the constitution required. However, she defended herself by saying that the judiciary was enough robust to handle the attacks of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail. She refused that she had failed to defend the judges and said,
An independent judiciary is the cornerstone of the rule of law, vital to our constitution and freedoms. It is my duty as Lord Chancellor to defend that independence. I swore to do so under my oath of office. I take that very seriously and I will always do so. The Guardian
In 2015 and 2016, prison violence incidents increased in prisons in England and Wales, which made Liz invest £1.3 billion in the prison service programme in November 2016 and hire 2,500 extra prison officers for strengthening the security.
Chief Secretary to the Treasury (2017-2019)
On 11 June 2017, Liz became the Chief Secretary to the Treasury, which was considered a demotion by others. Reportedly, while serving as the Chief Secretary to the Treasury, she developed an interest in making her online presence on Twitter and Instagram. A British daily newspaper termed her presence on social media as an orthodox trick to increase her fan following. Her tenure was referred to as Chief Secretary “exhausting” due to her challenging work schedule and regularly asking officials multiple questions. In June 2018, she gave a speech in which she alerted that raising taxes could see the Tories being “crushed” at the polls. In 2019, she revealed that she could be a candidate for the leadership of the Conservative Party after Theresa May. However, she chose not to stand and decided to support Boris Johnson.
International Trade Secretary (2019-2021)
After Boris Johnson became the Prime Minister, Liz was expected to advance in her position as a result of her support for Johnson’s leadership campaign during which she provided economic policy advice and helped design initiatives to lower taxes for those making over £50,000. Therefore, she was supposed to be appointed as Chancellor of the Exchequer or Business Secretary, but she was promoted to the position of Secretary of State for International Trade and President of the Board of Trade in 2019.
She was appointed as the Minister for Women and Equalities after the resignation of Amber Rudd. In 2019, Liz was spotted saying that the Department for International Trade “accidentally” allowed shipping of £435,000 of radio spares and £200 air coolers to Saudi Arabia, violating an order of the Court of Appeal, twice. It was later found out that the arms sold to Saudi Arabia by the UK, that were used in the war in Yemen, were illegal. BBC News Even after Liz’s apology to a Commons committee on arms export controls, opposition MPs were not satisfied with the apology for breaking the law and wanted her to resign from her position. In March 2020, she presented the Trade Act 2021 to the Parliament, which settled a legal framework for the UK for doing business with countries around the world. The Telegraph On 7 July 2020, Liz removed the ban on the export of arms and military equipment to Saudi Arabia after one year. She said,
In August 2020, Liz took the responsibility to negotiate a post-Brexit free trade agreement between England and Japan. In September 2020, both countries signed the agreement. According to Liz, the agreement would make 99% of exports to Japan tariff-free. The agreement was considered a historic moment as it was the first major business deal signed by the UK after leaving the European Union. In December 2020, in a speech on equality policy, Truss claimed that the UK placed too much emphasis on “fashionable” racial, sexual, and gender concerns at the expense of poverty and regional inequality. It also criticised Paul-Michel Foucault and postmodernist philosophy. She declared in her address that unconscious bias training will no longer be used by the government or civil service.
Foreign Secretary (2021-present)
On 15 September 2021, Liz was promoted to the position of Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth, and Development Affairs. After Margaret Beckett, Liz was the second woman to be appointed for this position. In October 2021, she called Russia to step in the Belarus-European Union order crisis, a migrant crisis after the arrival of tens of thousands of immigrants, especially from Iraq, Asia, and some parts of Africa and put forth her wish to have a closer economic and investment relationship with the Gulf Cooperation Council, which Saudi Arabia and Qatar are members of. In November 2021, Liz declared a 10-year-long deal along with the former Foreign Affairs Minister of Israel Yair Lapid with the goal to stop Iran from making nuclear weapons. She had a meeting with the Foreign Affairs Minister of Russia Sergey Lavrov in Stockholm in December 2021, urging Russia to draw back from the conflict in Ukraine. In December 2021, after the resignation of Lord Frost, Liz held the position of the government’s chief negotiator with the European Union. On 30 January 2022, she appeared on BBC’s Sunday Morning programme in which she said,
She was mocked for this statement as Baltic states are situated on or near the Baltic sea and not the Black sea, which is at a distance of 700 miles from the Baltic.
Conservative Party Leadership Election in 2022
On 10 July 2022, Liz declared to take part in the Conservative Party leadership elections and replace Boris Johnson to become the next prime Minister of England. She promised to cut taxes from the first day if chosen and help people who were facing problems with the cost of living by taking immediate action. As part of a “long-term plan to reduce the size of the state and the tax burden,” she declared that she would cancel a planned increase in Corporation Tax and reverse the recent increase in National Insurance Rates. After Boris Johnson had to resign from the position of Prime Minister of the UK, Liz Truss became the frontrunner along with former finance minister Rishi Sunak to become the Prime Minister of England. Both the candidates got into several debates opposing each other. In one such debate on a news channel, the debate moderator, Kate McCann fainted on stage due to which the debate halted, immediately.
56th Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
On 6 September 2022, she became the 56th Prime Minister and the 3rd woman Prime Minister of the UK.
Her Standpoint on Economics and Foreign Policy
Liz is a true believer of Economic liberalism and a supporter of free trade. In 2011, she founded the Free Enterprise Group of Conservative MPs, which is a free-market collection of parliamentarians, arguing for a more entrepreneurial economy and fewer employment laws. In 2022, she called Saudi Arabia an ally but did not approve of the country’s policies. In an interview, she said,
We have to work with all of our allies around the world including Saudi Arabia to find alternative sources. Saudi Arabia is not a global security threat in the way that Russia is and we have to work with them.” Indy100
When the interviewer said that the condition of women in Saudi Arabia was terrible and disgusting, Liz replied,
I am not condoning the policies of Saudi Arabia, what I am saying is we are in an existential threat and we need to find alternative sources of oil and gas so we are no longer dependent on Vladimir Putin and his appalling regime.” Indy100
Her Point of View on Brexit
Liz Truss had fluctuating views on the Brexit referendum during and after the referendum. During the Brexit referendum that took place on 23 June 2016, Liz supported that the United Kingdom should remain in the European Union, while after the referendum, she changed her views and started supporting Brexit and said,
I don’t want my daughters to grow up in a world where they need a visa or permit to work in Europe, or where they are hampered from growing a business because of extortionate call costs and barriers to trade. Every parent wants their children to grow up in a healthy environment with clean water, fresh air and thriving natural wonders. Being part of the EU helps protect these precious resources and spaces.” Evening Standard
In 2017, she revealed that she would vote for Brexit if another referendum takes place and said,
Her Opinion on Social and Cultural Issues
In an interview, while talking about woke aggression and cancel culture, she said,
The Conservative party should reject the zero-sum game of identity politics, we reject the illiberalism of cancel culture, and we reject the soft bigotry of low expectations that holds so many people back.” The Guardian
While speaking in a meeting at a convention about her duties as a women and equalities minister, she shared that she does not agree with identity politics and said,
I don’t agree with the idea that you should have different policies for women or men. What I think is you should make sure your policies are accessible to everybody, so you should be, in the criminal justice system, making sure women are being treated fairly, gay people are being treated fairly, black people are being treated fairly.” The Guardian
According to Reuters, she has always supported and voted for gay marriage and LGBTQ+ rights, but her views on transgenders are not liberal as she believes that transgenders should have limited rights. She said that transgender people should not have the right to self-identify as a different gender without medical check-ups and that only women have a cervix. Liz, who earlier supported single-sex services, later, in February 2022, wrote a letter to Equalities and Human Rights Commission in which she mentioned that the government was not interested in stopping transgender people from using single-sex toilets or changing rooms. In the letter, she wrote,
The Equality Act makes it clear that providers have the right to restrict use of spaces on the basis of sex as currently takes place. The Government has no interest in changing the current situation where transgender people are able to use facilities of their chosen gender. I very much support your attempts to correct the record and know that you will be seeking to engage and reassure LGBT groups on these issues privately too.” The i
Tumultuous First Few Weeks of Her Leadership
After some dramatic U-turns in British politics in the first few weeks of her leadership, she had to apologize in October 2022. Jeremy Hunt, her new Chancellor, reversed her entire tax-cutting agenda after she sacked her close ally Kwasi Kwarteng. To break the stagnation of the economy, Truss and Kwarteng unveiled 45 billion pounds of unfunded tax cuts in September 2022. However, bond investors responded brutally, causing borrowing costs to rise and lenders to pull mortgage offers, resulting in the Bank of England intervening to prevent pension funds from going bankrupt. Investor confidence evaporated, her poll ratings plummeted, and she apologized for “mistakes” in her program. Liz Truss, while rendering an apology for her mistakes, said,
I do want to accept responsibility and say sorry for the mistakes that have been made.”
After ditching most of her economic policies that led to political turmoil in her government, she was forced to resign on 20 October 2022. Liz Truss became the shortest-serving PM in British history after resigning. BBC Following her resignation, she delivered a speech outside Downing Street. Ms Truss said,
I recognise that I cannot deliver the mandate on which I was elected by the Conservative Party.”
In 2019, Liz went to Australia on a trade tour, where she clicked pictures while riding a Brompton bicycle, which is manufactured in London, and posing in front of the Sydney Harbour Bridge under the rain. Taking this picture and some others like it cost more than £2,500. Reportedly, she hired a personal photographer for her visit to Australia, New Zealand, and Japan, and the photographer was paid with taxpayers’ money. Under the Freedom of Information Act, it was revealed that she also charged £1,190 for her PR-related activities. She was trolled on social media for doing personal branding on official tours. BuzzFeed News
- In 2022, Liz, as the British Prime Ministerial candidate, made a statement regarding trade agreements and said that her government would prioritise trade with other commonwealth countries under a ‘New Commonwealth Deal’. She said,
- Reportedly, Liz Truss is known for her strained relations with bureaucrats for which she has also earned the titles like “Miss Dynamite” and the “human hand grenade.” Eastern Daily Press
- She has a family residence located in the market town of Thetford, Norfolk, which is considered her main residence. She has another house with three bedrooms, which is situated 30 miles away from Norwich; it was used for filming Dad’s Army (1968-1977), a popular TV series. She also has a property in London. Evening Standard
- Liz loves to bake, and whenever she wants to take a break from work and loosen up, she does baking. Making cinnamon buns and croissants is one of her specialities. YOU
- When she was a child, while living in Scotland, her parents took her to an anti-nuclear and anti-Thatcher protest. In those marches, everyone chanted a specific slogan while protesting against the Tory government. Liz Truss chanted the slogan in a Scottish accent. In an interview, while talking about this she said,
- In 2019, Liz Truss, in an interview, talked at length about her life and career with YOU magazine; the magazine also featured her on its cover. YOU
- After being appointed as the 56th Prime Minister of the UK on 6 September 2022, she was invited by Queen Elizabeth for the formation of a new government.
- On 6 September 2022, after becoming the 56th Prime Minister of the UK, she gave her speech in front of her house at Downing Street in London.
- The government formed by Liz Truss, after she became the Prime Minister, is the first government which does not have a white man appointed for holding the top 4 offices of state. Bloomberg Kwasi Kwarteng was chosen as Chancellor, Suella Braverman as Home Secretary, James Cleverly as Foreign Secretary, and Therese Coffey as Deputy Prime Minister and Health Secretary. BBC News