Tarlok Singh Chauhan is an Indian puisne judge serving at the High Court of Himachal Pradesh. On 18 April 2023, the Central Government appointed him as the acting chief justice of the Himachal Pradesh High Court with effect from April 20. He replaced Justice Sabina, the incumbent acting chief justice of the Himachal Pradesh High Court.
Tarlok Singh Chauhan was born on Thursday, 9 January 1964 (age 59 years; as of 2023) in Rohru tehsil of Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. His zodiac sign is Capricorn. Tarlok did his schooling at Bishop Cotton School, Shimla, where he also served as the school captain. He attended DAV College, Chandigarh, to pursue his graduation with honours. Thereafter, he obtained a degree in law from Panjab University, Chandigarh. Hindustan Times In 1989, Chauhan enrolled as an Advocate with the Bar Council of Himachal Pradesh.
Height (approx.): 5′ 10″
Hair Colour: Black
Eye Colour: Black
Parents & Siblings
Not much is known about his parents and siblings.
Wife & Children
Tarlok Singh Chauhan is married to Amandeep Chauhan. Together, the couple has two daughters, Tarana Chauhan and Amanat Chauhan.
Tarlok Singh Chauhan started his career as an advocate in 1989 by enrolling himself at the Bar Council of Himachal Pradesh. Initially, Tarlok joined the chamber of Lala Chhabil Dass and practised in all branches of law. Chauhan was the standing counsel-cum-legal adviser to Himachal Pradesh State Civil Supplies Corporation. He has also served as standing counsel-cum-legal adviser to the HP State Electricity Board Ltd. While Chauhan was serving as a lawyer, he remained a member of various Lok Adalats. He was also associated with many Legal Aid Programmes. The Himachal Pradesh High Court had appointed him as amicus-curiae in various important cases relating to the violation of environmental laws by hydel projects and ropeways, implementation of solid waste management projects, use of plastic and tobacco products besides a ban on them, and framing of the state’s road construction policy. Before being appointed as the judge of the High Court of Himachal Pradesh, Tarlok had mastered all the branches of law.
In 2014, Tarlok Singh Chauhan was appointed as the additional judge of the Himachal Pradesh High Court; he assumed office on 23 February 2014.
On 5 May 2014, he was appointed as the Chairperson of the Juvenile Justice Committee, High Court of Himachal Pradesh and during his tenure, Justice Chauhan did tremendous work with a keen interest in the welfare and interest of the children of Bal/Balika Ashrams in Himachal Pradesh. He also actively worked for the welfare of the Hospital For Mental Health and Rehab Shimla and the old age homes of Himachal Pradesh. He was elevated as the permanent judge of the high court on 30 November 2014.
On 12 November 2016, he became a Member of the Governing Council as well as the Executive Council of the Himachal Pradesh National Law University, Shimla. He was one of the three High Court judges of India, who took part in the International Learning Exchange Programme focusing on the “reform of Care and Protection services for children. The event was held in Romania from 13 to 17 May 2019.
He has also participated in various national and international conferences. Apparently, Justice Chauhan is the first judge of the Himachal Pradesh High Court to have participated in any such International Conference held abroad. From 21 February 2020 to 23 February 2020, he participated in International Judicial Conference on the theme – “Judiciary and the Changing World” held at the Supreme Court of India, New Delhi. He has also attended the “National Annual Stakeholders Consultation on Child Protection” held in the Supreme Court of India, New Delhi, on the 10th and 11th of December 2022.
He held the position of President of the H. P. Judicial Academy from 18 November 2018 to 15 March 2020 and from 1 March 2021 to 5 April 2023. While heading the Computer and e-Courts Committee of the High Court of Himachal Pradesh, he introduced several reforms. Computerisation in the High Courts and Subordinate Courts has eased the work in the courts. It not only allows the litigants and advocates to access information about their cases but also offers them several other services like applying online for a certified copy, paying court fees online, accessing cause list, e-file a case (ITR), and applying only for e-Gate Pass. Further, under his guidance, peripheries have been developed for the day-to-day working of the Himachal Pradesh High Court as well as Subordinate Courts.
In April 2023, Tarlok Singh Chauhan was appointed as the acting chief justice of Himachal Pradesh High Court by the central government; he assumed office on 20 April 2023 after the retirement of the incumbent acting chief justice of the Himachal Pradesh High Court Justice Sabina. A notification to this effect was published on the website of the Ministry of Law & Justice, which read,
In exercise of the power conferred by Article 223 of the Constitution of India, the President is pleased to appoint, Shri Justice Tarlok Singh Chauhan, senior-most puisne Judge of Himachal Pradesh High Court, to perform the duties of the office of the Chief Justice of that High Court with effect from 20.04.2023 consequent upon the retirement of Smt. Justice Sabina, Acting Chief Justice, Himachal Pradesh High Court.”
Under his Lordship, Justice Tarlok Singh Chauhan has disposed of more than 63 thousand cases. He has also delivered a number of landmark judgements including,
- On 8 June 2014, when 24 students from an Engineering Institute in Hyderabad were washed away in the Beas River, a Suo Moto cognizance was taken on the tragedy by Justice Tarlok.
- In Mathu Ram vs M. C. Shimla case, Justice Tarlok held that a time gap in the issuance of the policy on regularization which prescribed different cut-off dates cannot be a ground to deny the benefit of regularization on completion of service on a daily wage basis.
- In one of his judgements, Justice Tarlok Singh Chauhan directed the Himachal Pradesh Police to upload all the FIRs on its portal. He also directed the police to make arrangements for the online registration of an FIR.
- In another landmark judgement, his lordship issued comprehensive guidelines to the Himachal Pradesh Government and directed the Principal Secretary of Education to issue obligatory orders to all the educational institutions, whether government-owned or private, to display detailed information on the notice board which were directed to be placed at the entrance of the campus and on their websites with respect to : Faculty and staff alongwith their qualifications and job experience (profile), details of infrastructure, affiliation alongwith certificates(s) of affiliation, details of internship and placement, fees with complete breakup and details, extracurricular activities with complete details, PTA with address and telephone numbers of its members, transport facilities with details, age of the institute and its achievements, if any, availability of scholarships with complete details, list of alumni(s) alongwith complete addresses and telephone numbers and the State was further directed to ensure that no private educational institution is allowed to charge fee towards building fund, infrastructure fund, development fund etc.
Assets & Properties
- Bank Deposits: Rs. 7,48,946
- Shares, Debentures, Mutual Funds: Rs. 1,00,000
- Motor Vehicle: Alto Model 2005
- Half share in undivided land measuring 0-72-58 Hects, situated in Chak Khalai, village Pharog, Sub Tehsil Tikkar, District Shimla
- One-fourth share in undivided land measuring 1-21-65 Hects, situated in Chak Khalai, village Pharog, Sub Tehsil Tikkar, District Shimla
- One-fourth share in undivided land measuring 3-95-71 Hects, situated in Chak Dharal, village Dharal, Sub Tehsil Tikkar, District Shimla
- One-fourth share in undivided land measuring 6-42-67 Hects, situated in Chak Pharog, village Pharog, Sub Tehsil Tikkar, District Shimla
- One-fourth share in one undivided residential house, 4-grading and packing stores.
- One-fourth share in one undivided residential building.
- One-fourth share in undivided two and a half storeys plus attic residential flat at Shankli.
- One-fourth undivided share in a building at Sanjauli.
- Part-payment for a three-room set flat at Lawyers Colony, Pinjore, Haryana.
- Part payment for a plot area of 150 square yards at Pinjore, Haryana.
Note: The given estimates of movable and immovable assets are according to the year 2014. It excludes the assets owned by his wife and dependents (minor). Himachal Pradesh High Court
As an Acting Chief Justice of the Himachal Pradesh High Court, Justice Tarlok Singh Chauhan is entitled to a monthly salary of Rs. 2,50,000 plus additional allowances. Department of Justice